According to figures from 2021, India has the fourth-largest automobile sector worldwide. India became the fourth-largest nation in the world by automobile industry worth in 2022. Due to India's large proportion of young people and expanding middle class, the two-wheeler category leads the industry in terms of volume. Further supporting the sector's expansion was the corporations' rising interest in investigating rural markets. India is a significant exporter of automobiles and anticipates rapid export development in the near term.
By 2022, it is anticipated that a number of efforts by the Indian government and important car manufacturers would position India among the top four or five markets for two- and four-wheel vehicles worldwide. Several automakers have started making significant investments in various sectors (including electric vehicles) of the business over the past few months in order to keep up with the escalating demand. Between April 2000 and September 2021, the sector attracted FDI equity inflows (FDI) of US$30.78 billion, or 5.49 percent of all FDI equity, during that time.
The experts at KSK are dedicated towards contributing to the ever-evolving field of automobiles through services in areas such as:
The MVA gives the federal and state governments the power to create and enforce regulations governing the design, installation, and upkeep of automobiles in relation to a number of factors, such as dimensions, emission standards, and auto parts like brakes and steering gears, as well as safety features and warranty after-sales. Additionally, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, the top division of the national government, is largely responsible for managing and regulating the sector.
Before being driven in a public area, a car must have insurance. Additionally, an authorised insurer who issues a certificate to the policyholder provides motor insurance. Additionally, insurance policies are often only good for a year and must be renewed on time. The MVA mandates that the insurance policy must include third-party risk coverage.
Income deriving from transactions between linked firms is taxed under terms of the Income Tax Act. According to the transfer pricing regulations, any revenue from such an "international transaction" must be calculated taking into account the "arm's length price." The rule also specifies how the tax is to be calculated. Given that the automotive industry in India is one of the biggest in the world and generates close to 20 million units annually, it is frequently the target of intense transfer price scrutiny, which might hamper the sector's expansion.
The ultimate selling point of every automaker is the visual appeal of their vehicles. Upon registration with the appropriate government, these industrial designs are given further protection under the Design Act 2000. The Trade Marks Act of 1999, among other things, allows for the registration of trademarks, the submission of multiclass applications, the extension of the period for trademark registration to ten years, and the recognition of the idea of well-known marks. Therefore, it is crucial to protect trademarks and markings in the automotive business, because a car is identified by its marks and insignia.
The Patent Act of 1970 is significant for the automotive sector as well. Any new technological or methodical invention that is registered with the appropriate government may be given protection. The Copyrights Act of 1957 provides copyright protection for software created by the automotive industry to improve the features of autos.
The Indian government has recently introduced a number of initiatives to promote the expansion of the automobile industry, including:
The National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project, which has been established to allow the industry to adopt and implement global performance standards by creating nationwide automobile testing agencies; the Automotive Mission Plan 2016, which seeks to increase domestic automobile production, increase automotive exports, and address environmental and safety challenges; the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020, which offers incentives to manufacturers of electric vehicles.
As a typical business practice, vehicles are distributed in accordance with the above-mentioned contractual agreements between manufacturers and authorized dealers. The business of selling or dealing in autos is not specifically governed by any laws. All commercial conditions, including those pertaining to termination and restructuring, are negotiated via private contracts between the manufacturer and the distributors or dealers. Contracts often do provide parties to end the agreement with a fair notice time.
The management structure of family-owned and operated dealerships has recently come to the attention of Indian automobile manufacturing businesses. To ensure that the dealer entities are organised or reorganised with consolidated management control vested in the family leader rather than shareholding being spread and fragmented across numerous family members, some automotive manufacturers are considering amending the dealership contracts.