Ministry Of Road Transport & Highways Introduces Rule 125m For Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine (Ice) Vehicles

Posted On - 8 November, 2023 • By - King Stubb & Kasiva


The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) issued a groundbreaking notification[1] introducing Rule 125M for Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Vehicles. This important amendment, under the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, is a major step towards promoting the growth and regulation of hydrogen-based vehicles in India.

Key Points

MoRTH has undertaken an extensive review of the existing regulatory framework to accommodate the unique safety and procedural requirements associated with hydrogen vehicles. Below are the key points covered by this new regulation:

  • Title and Commencement:

The newly introduced rules are officially known as the “Central Motor Vehicles (Eighth Amendment) Rules, 2023.”

These rules came into force immediately upon their publication in the Official Gazette.

  • Rule 125M: Type Approval of Hydrogen ICE Vehicles:

Rule 125M has been added to the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, following Rule 125L.

This rule outlines the safety and procedural requirements for type approval of internal combustion engine vehicles in the M and N categories powered by liquid or compressed gaseous hydrogen.

  • Compliance with AIS 195:2023

AIS 195:2023 standards are mandatory for vehicles powered by hydrogen until corresponding specifications are notified under the Bureau of Indian Standard Act, 1986 (63 of 1986).

Additionally, hydrogen fuel specifications for ICE vehicles shall adhere to IS 16061:2021.

The issuance of this notification follows a meticulous review process that involved inviting objections and suggestions from the public, which were subsequently considered by the Central Government to ensure transparency and the incorporation of diverse perspectives in the rule-making process.


MoRTH’s introduction of Rule 125M for Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles is a decisive and commendable step toward regulating and facilitating the safe deployment of hydrogen ICE vehicles across the country.

This amendment not only ensures that hydrogen-powered vehicles adhere to stringent safety and procedural standards but also encourages the development and adoption of clean energy solutions, thereby reflecting the government’s commitment to the welfare of its citizens, the environment, and India’s place in the global push for sustainable and responsible mobility.

MoRTH’s proactive approach in addressing these innovative and transformative technologies is indeed praiseworthy, and we eagerly anticipate the positive impact this regulation will have on India’s transportation landscape.