The Electricity (Amendment) Rules, 2024: A Step Towards A More Flexible And Efficient Power Market

Posted On - 17 January, 2024 • By - King Stubb & Kasiva

On January 10, 2024, the Ministry of Power notified the Electricity (Amendment) Rules, 2024, bringing about significant changes to the electricity sector in India. These amendments aim to address two key challenges: promoting the development of dedicated transmission lines and facilitating open access to the electricity grid. Let’s analyze the key provisions of the amendments and their potential impact on the Indian power market.


There are 3 key takeaways from this amendment:

  1. Dedicated Transmission Lines: Prior to the amendments, entities establishing dedicated transmission lines to connect to the grid required a license under the Electricity Act, 2003. This requirement often acted as a hurdle for independent power producers, captive power plants, and large consumers seeking to bypass the state transmission network and reduce transmission losses. The new Rule 21 exempts these entities from obtaining a license, provided they comply with relevant regulations, technical standards, and guidelines. This is a welcome step that encourages private investments in transmission infrastructure and promotes competition in the sector. It also paves the way for a more decentralized and flexible power grid.
  2. Open Access Charges: Open access allows consumers to choose their electricity supplier from anywhere in the grid, offering them greater flexibility and potentially lower tariffs. However, high open access charges, particularly wheeling charges and surcharges levied by state transmission utilities, often discouraged wider adoption. The amendments address this issue by introducing a formula for calculating wheeling charges, ensuring transparency and predictability. Additionally, they cap the charges for short-term open access and Temporary-GNA at 110% of those levied for long-term access, making open access more attractive for smaller consumers. The amendments also limit the additional surcharge levied on open-access consumers to the per-unit fixed cost of power purchase of the relevant distribution licensee. This measure attempts to address concerns about cross-subsidization and level the playing field between open access and captive consumers.
  3. Tariff Rationalization: The amendments emphasize the need for cost-reflective tariffs, aiming to bridge the gap between approved annual revenue requirements and estimated annual revenue from approved tariffs. This promotes financial sustainability for electricity suppliers and reduces dependence on government subsidies. However, a provision allowing a temporary gap of up to 3% in exceptional circumstances, such as natural calamities, raises concerns about potential manipulation and lack of accountability. Furthermore, the requirement to liquidate any existing gap within seven years might introduce financial pressure on distribution companies, potentially impacting their service quality.


The Electricity (Amendment) Rules, 2024, represent a positive step towards a more flexible and efficient Indian power market. By promoting dedicated transmission lines and facilitating open access, the amendments create an environment for increased competition and potentially lower electricity prices for consumers. However, the long-term success of these measures will depend on their effective implementation and ensuring transparency and accountability within the sector. Careful monitoring and evaluation will be crucial to ensure that the intended benefits of these reforms are ultimately realized.