The Vehicle Scrappage Policy was initially announced in the Union Budget for 2021-22 on February 1st 2021 by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman where she stated that “the government will announce a voluntary vehicle scrapping policy to phase out old and unfit vehicles.” Further, on March 18th 2021, Nitin Gadkari, Minister for Road Transport and Highways, announced the much-anticipated car scrappage scheme in the Lok Sabha. According to the policy, commercial vehicles older than 15 years and passenger vehicles older than 20 years will be required to be scrapped if they fail the fitness and emission tests. The goal is to phase out cars and CVs older than 15-20 years to reduce urban pollution and boost automobile sales, which have been stagnant throughout India's post-COVID recovery. Furthermore, the car scrappage policy is said to be part of a stimulus package that was a package primarily demanded by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to boost demand.
It is estimated that the policy will cover 51 lakh light motor vehicles (LMVs) that have crossed 20 years and another 34 lakh LMVs that has crossed 15 years. India will also implement a Global Positioning System (GPS) which is based on the toll collecting system based and aims to eliminate all toll booths within a year.
Vehicle scrappage laws have been implemented in several nations, including the United States, Germany, Canada, and China, in order to improve their respective automotive sectors and reduce vehicular pollution. For example, in the United States, the Car Allowance Rebate System (CARS), commonly known as the Cash for Clunkers programme, provides financial incentives for scrapping older automobiles and replacing them with newer, more fuel-efficient vehicles.
The policy tends to provide certain benefits to the economy, automobile sector, vehicle owners, and others such as:
Since the second part of 2019, the Indian car industry hasn’t been in a good shape and the epidemic naturally exacerbated the issue. Although post-Diwali sales in 2020 have helped to improve the industry, the situation remains alarming. It is believed the scrappage policy will benefit India's ailing automotive industry as there will naturally be a demand for new automobiles when the existing, older vehicles are phased out. Scrapping inoperable automobiles is also considered to be beneficial to the environment.
The fitness test refers to an evaluation process that will evaluate whether or not an old automobile is capable of running beyond its technical lifespan. Simply defined, a fitness test is a thorough inspection that determines a vehicle's roadworthiness. It will also determine whether the car is polluting the environment at a higher rate. An old vehicle will also have to pass a series of safety inspections, including braking, engine performance, and other forms of testing, as part of the fitness test. All fitness exams will take place in automated fitness testing centres, which are intended to make the procedure more rigorous.
The policy prescribes certain procedures which are required to be followed by the owners related to the scrappage of a vehicle, such as:
As mentioned above briefly, owners of old automobiles would be given incentives to scrap unfit vehicles through registered scrapping centres under the plan. The Road Transport Ministry has outlined several incentives, including:
The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will promote the establishment of Registered Vehicle Scrapping Facility (RVSF) across India and will encourage public and private engagement in the establishment of the same. Some of the selected locations include Alang, Gujarat, where a highly specialised scrapping centre is intended to be developed, among many other prospective scrapping centres where diverse scrapping technologies can be synergized together.
The scrapping facility shall have to comply with environmental and pollution requirements, as well as all applicable laws, via a streamlined registration process through a single window. It shall be ensured that scrapping centres have enough parking, pollution control equipment for air, water, and sound pollution, adequate hazardous waste management and disposal facilities. Similarly, the Ministry will encourage the setting up of Automated Fitness Centres on a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model that will involve the cooperation of state governments, the private sector, automobile companies, and others.
These centres may have sufficient areas for a test lane, IT servers, parking, and vehicle mobility. Operators of fitness centres shall only provide testing facilities and not repair or sale of spare services to avoid conflicts of interest. Appointments for fitness centres may be made online, and test reports shall be generated electronically as well.
Scrappage policies have boosted demand in the vehicle manufacturing sector across the world, particularly in Europe and the United States. This has also been a strategy for dealing with the economic slowdown in the manufacturing sector and reduced consumer spending as a result of the recession. Furthermore, there are environmental benefits since modern automobiles have improved pollution regulations and fuel economy. Similarly, in India, the Vehicle Scrappage Policy 2021 is a valuable implementation by the government as it tends to create a viable circular economy and bring value for all stakeholders while promoting environmental responsibility.
• PM Modi launches Vehicle Scrappage Policy: Complete Details, Benefits and Clauses - Auto News, https://www.indiatoday.in/auto/story/vehicles-scrappage-policy-launched-all-rules-and-benefits-explained-in-5-points-1840491-2021-08-13 (last visited Sep 13, 2021).
• Road Transport & Highways Minister, Shri Nitin Gadkari Announces Vehicle Scrapping Policy, https://pib.gov.in/pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1705811 (last visited Sep 13, 2021).
• Vehicle Scrappage Policy – 2021, TaxGuru, https://taxguru.in/corporate-law/vehicle-scrappage-policy-2021.html (last visited Sep 13, 2021).