National Policy on Electronics 2019

Posted On - 24 April, 2019 • By - Kulin Dave


The National Policy on Electronics 2019 (“Policy”) was notified
by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (“MeitY”) on
25.02.2019. The Policy, which recognises the electronics industry as the
“world’s largest and fastest growing industry”, seeks to “position India as a
global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (“ESDM”) by
developing core components and creating an enabling environment for the
industry to compete globally”.


  1. Promotion
    of domestic manufacturing and reduction of imports.
  2. Integration
    of India’s electronics hardware manufacturing sector with global value chains.
  3. Development
    of capacities for manufacturing in all sub sectors of electronics.
  4. Incentivising
    startups focused on emerging technology.
  5. Promotion
    of ease of manufacturing through fiscal incentives.
  6. Protection
    of domestic ESDM industry from dumping of electronics goods.
  7. Promotion
    of research and development.
  8. Facilitation
    of the setting up of global manufacturing bases for components and
    sub-assemblies in India.


  1. Turnover
    of USD 400 billion has been set as a target for the ESDM industry for 2025.
    This is to include the production of 1 billion mobile handsets by 2025, valued
    at USD 190 billion of which 600 million handsets worth USD 110 billion are
    earmarked for export.
  2. Ease
    of doing business must be improved for the ESDM industry.
  3. Research,
    development and innovation in electronics are to be encouraged.
  4. A
    comprehensive ecosystem must be created for start-ups working on emerging
    technologies, including 5G, internet of things, machine learning, drones,
    robotics, additive manufacturing, phonotics and nano-based devices to encourage
    them to develop “real-life” applications of such technologies in agriculture,
    defence, health, cyber security amongst others.
  5. Availability
    of skilled manpower in the ESDM sector must be incentivised.
  6. Fiscal
    incentives and support must be provided to encourage export-led growth,
    including enhancing economies of scale in electronics manufacturing.
  7. Core
    competencies must be developed in all sub sectors of electronics, including
    electronic components, telecommunication and broadcasting equipment, medical electronics
    amongst many others.
  8. India
    must become a global leader in the Electronics Manufacturing Services (“EMS”)
    segment by progressive value addition in manufacturing of electronic products.
  9. Policy
    support and incentives must be provided for capital intensive projects.
  10. Indigenisation
    in microchips used by strategic and critical infrastructure sectors such as
    defence, space and atomic energy must be encouraging.
  11. Specialised
    governance structures for the ESDM sector are to be created.
  12. Loans
    for setting up or expanding electronics manufacturing units must be
  13. Research,
    innovation and support to the industry in areas of packaging, interconnects and
    micro photonics must be promoted to counter the problems posed by the continued
    use of silicon in equipment.
  14. Transfer
    of technologies must be incentivised for core technologies.
  15. Research,
    innovation and support in green processes, including e-Waste management,
    citizen engagement programmes and e-Waste recycling must be promoted.


The strategy section provides the blue print of the
initiatives and interventions which the MeitY will take in collaboration with
concerned ministries/departments to achieve the goals mentioned under the
‘objectives’ section. States may also play an important role in implementing
these strategies, as they have been encouraged to play a proactive role in
electronics manufacturing, and have been directed to create institutional
mechanisms to implement the schemes/programmes under the Policy.

As per the Policy, MeitY shall facilitate initiatives on the
measures listed below:

a. Ecosystem for a globally competitive ESDM sector:

This includes providing tax benefits, exploring defence
offsets to promote component manufacturing, and modifying or replacing the
Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (“EMC”) scheme to attract investments in the
complete value chain of the identified verticals. The Policy further suggests
exemptions from import duty on identified capital equipment to promote domestic
manufacturing. The Policy gives an impetus to ‘high performance computing’
capabilities and advocates supplying electronic units/systems for national
critical infrastructure from domestic industry.

b. Developing and mandating standards:

The Policy advocates the creation of a framework for
developing standards based on global benchmarks for the electronics industry
and mandating compliance through the MeitY. It also stresses on creating
domestic electronics’ testing capacities.

c. Ease of doing business:

The Policy suggests strengthening and leveraging Invest India
and the National Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency to facilitate
investment in India and coordinate with government agencies on behalf of
investors till they become functional.

d. Industry led R&D and innovation:

The Policy recommends the creation of a Sovereign Patent Fund
(“SPF”) to promote intellectual properties in the ESDM sector and make such
patents available to the industry. The Policy provides an impetus to emerging technology
such as 5G, artificial intelligence, internet of things, virtual reality, as
well as strategic electronics, defence and medical electronics. Research and
development is also encouraged through “Chairs” for research in premier
institutes, incubation centres, academia and freelancer-led innovation.

e. Human resource development:

This focuses on skilled manpower development for emerging
technologies and strategic electronics. The Policy also talks about a skilled
manpower/research base at the Post Graduate/Ph.D. level to work in emerging
technologies. The Policy also talks about sending Post Graduate/Ph.D. scholars
on foreign deputation for a period of 2 years to carry out research, subject to
serving in India for the next 5 years.

f. Export promotion:

The Policy envisages a package of promotions to develop exports
in electronics goods.

g. Trusted electronics value chain:

The Policy advocates the creation of trusted electronics value
chain initiatives to improve cyber security, contribute to national defence and
critical national infrastructure.

h. Cyber security:

The Policy calls for the development of adequate testing
facilities and the promotion of secure chips to reduce cyber security risks.
The Policy seeks to engage the start-up ecosystem to develop cyber security

i. Promotion of Electronics Components Manufacturing

The Policy calls for incentives to support the manufacturing
of core electronic components, lithium-ion cells, optical fibre,
assembly-testing-marking-packaging (“ATMP”) of semi-conductors amongst other

j. Mega projects:

This calls for incentives for mega projects entailing high
investment and investment in mega facilities abroad.

k. Preferential market access:

The Policy calls for leveraging the Government e-Market Place
(“ATMP”) and the Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order
2017[62] to create a market for electronic and cyber security products.

l. Developing Core competencies in all sub-sectors:

The Policy argues for special support for developing core
competencies in the following strategic sub-sectors:

  1. Fabless
    chip design industry,
  2. Medical
    electronics devices industry,
  3. Automotive
    electronics industry and power electronics for mobility,
  4. Strategic
    electronics industry (such as defence, atomic energy, space, railways,
    telecommunications etc.).

m. Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS):

The Policy advocates the promotion of certain activities to
create the requisite component manufacturing eco-system in India such as,
engineering and design and assembly of Printed Circuit Boards (“PCBs”),functional
testing and maintenance services for PCBs.

n. Promotion of ATMP:

ATMP is to be promoted for certain semiconductor ICs,
including memory chips, on security grounds.

o. Others:

Certain other measures have been encouraged, such as warehousing facilities for components and raw materials, mining or acquiring mines of rare earth metals in foreign countries required for electronic manufacturing. The Policy also proposes to develop an index for indicating status and growth of the electronics manufacturing industry in various states

Contributed by – Kulin Dave

King Stubb & Kasiva,
Advocates & Attorneys

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