By - King Stubb & Kasiva on December 22, 2023
The significance of skill development and apprenticeship programmes cannot be overstated in the current dynamic job market. They assist individuals in attaining the necessary skills for success in their preferred careers, while also assisting employers in identifying the most suitable talent they need to thrive.
Skill development is a continuous process of acquiring and refining skills to align with industry requirements. Apprenticeship programs offer experiential learning under the guidance of experienced professionals, providing a structured pathway for individuals to gain practical skills. These programmes provide advantages for employers as well as employees. Employees enhance their employability and earning potential, while employers gain access to a pipeline of skilled employees. In addition to offering early exposure to real-world challenges, apprenticeships cultivate qualities such as adaptability and resilience.
Some key advantages of skill development and apprenticeship programmes include the following:
This article aims to provide an overview of the legal framework for skill development and apprenticeship programs and their importance in the following manner:
The Apprentices Act of 1961 is the primary legislation that governs India’s apprenticeship/ skill development training system. The legislation outlines the process for engaging, training, and remunerating apprentices, as well as establishing apprenticeship commissions at the state and national levels. The fundamental provisions of the Apprentices Act are as follows:
The Central and State Apprenticeship Councils are responsible for establishing and maintaining standards for apprenticeship training, regulating the implementation of apprenticeship programmes, and developing curricula in conformity with industry requirements and skill demands.
|National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS)
|To promote apprenticeship training by providing financial incentives to employers.
|It provides financial assistance to employers for training apprentices and offers online registration and monitoring of apprenticeship programs.
|Skill India Mission
|To train 400 million people by 2022, with a focus on promoting apprenticeship training.
|It supports apprenticeship training through various programs, including PMKVY and DDU-GKY. It aims to create a pool of skilled manpower to meet the demands of the industry.
|National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)
|To promote skill development by providing financial support and certification services.
|It provides financial assistance to organizations to set up training centers and supports certification of skills acquired through apprenticeship training.
|National Apprenticeship Training Scheme
|To equip technically qualified youth with practical knowledge and skills required in their field of work.
|It equips youth with practical skills through 1-year workplace training, stipend, and government certification recognized as valid experience. It also places them in organizations with excellent facilities.
|Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
|To provide financial assistance for skill acquisition and certification, including apprenticeship training.
|It offers financial incentives to individuals for acquiring skills and certifications and supports apprenticeship training in various trades and sectors. It aims to enhance the employability and earning potential of individuals.
|National Skill Certification and Monetary Reward Scheme (NSCMRS)
|To encourage skill acquisition and certification through apprenticeship training, and support placement of certified individuals.
|It provides monetary incentives to individuals who acquire skills and certifications through apprenticeship training and facilitates the placement of certified individuals in various sectors.
Employer participation is critical in ensuring the success of skill development and apprenticeship programs. Their responsibilities include:
As part of skill development and apprenticeship training, apprentices enjoy several rights that ensure their welfare and security during their training. These rights include:
The apprenticeship programmes and skill development are mutually reinforcing and essential in shaping a resilient workforce to meet the labor market’s ever-changing demands. The Apprentices Act establishes a framework that ensures equitable compensation, training, and participation in the apprenticeship system. Government initiatives such as the Skill India Mission and the NAPS help to strengthen these projects. Employers make a significant contribution by following the Apprentices Act, providing rigorous training, and giving stipends on time. Apprentices who are provided with adequate training and a safe working environment contribute considerably to the success of these programmes. Best practices include continual industry collaboration to ensure that projects remain current with changing requirements. They also entail incorporating developing technologies into training approaches.
The Apprentices Act of 1961 is the primary legislation governing skill development and apprenticeship in India.
NAPS aims to promote apprenticeship training by providing financial assistance to employers. It also offers online registration and monitoring of apprenticeship programs.
Some best practices include involving industry partners in the implementation of the apprenticeship programmes, providing placement assistance to apprentices when their training is complete, and incorporating developing technologies into training approaches.
King Stubb & Kasiva,
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